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TABLE OF CONTENTS

About the Author

SUMMARY

  1. RADIOACTIVITY
    1. Natural Radioactivity
    2. Radioactive Series'
    3. Calculation of Activity
    4. Activity of Uranium Ore
    5. Activity of Natural Uranium
    6. Enriched and Depleted Uranium
    7. Activity of Depleted Uranium

  2. ORIGINS
    1. Uranium Enrichment by Gaseous Diffusion
    2. DU Storage Sites
    3. Final Disposal
    4. Other Enrichment Processes
    5. Spent Fuel

  3. APPLICATIONS
    1. Properties of Depleted Uranium
    2. DU Radiation Shielding
    3. DU Ammunition
    4. Heavy Tank Armor
    5. Proliferation of DU Weapons

  4. MANUFACTURERS
    1. List of DU Manufacturers
    2. Starmet Corp.
    3. US Army Materials Technology Laboratory
    4. National Lead Industries
    5. Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

  5. AMMUNITION TESTING
    1. List of DU Test Sites
    2. Ethan Allen Firing Range
    3. Lake City Ammunition Plant
    4. China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center
    5. New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
    6. Los Alamos National Laboratory
    7. White Sands Missile Range
    8. Jefferson Proving Ground
    9. Aberdeen and Yuma Proving Grounds
    10. Eglin Air Force Base
    11. Nellis Air Force Base
    12. Okinawa and Vieques Islands

  6. COMBAT AND ACCIDENTS
    1. DU Ammunition Use in Iraq
    2. Incidents of Friendly Fire
    3. A-10 Warthog Aircraft Crash
    4. Fire in DU Ammunition Dump
    5. Public Disclosure of DU Ammunition Use
    6. Effects of DU Penetrator Impact
    7. US Army Field Manuals
    8. Amsterdam Airplane Crash
    9. DU Ammunition Use in Yugoslavia

  7. RADIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
    1. Radiation Dose Equivalent
    2. Regulatory Limits on Radiation Exposure
    3. External and Internal Exposure to Uranium
    4. Radiological Limits on Uranium Intake
    5. Contamination by DU Penetrator Impact
    6. Residual DU Contamination in Iraq
    7. Animal and Radiation Worker Studies

  8. CHEMICAL TOXICITY
    1. Uranium Effects on Kidney
    2. Uranium Excretion and Deposition in Organs
    3. Toxicological Limits on Uranium Intake
    4. Gulf War Exposure to Uranium
    5. Chronic Exposure to Uranium
    6. Cancer Development Caused by DU

  9. GULF WAR ILLNESS
    1. Survivors of Friendly Fire
    2. Exposure to DU Dust
    3. Government Sponsored Research
    4. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
    5. Cancer Epidemic in Iraq

  10. CONCLUSIONS
    1. Depleted Uranium as Radioactive Waste
    2. Before and After the Gulf War
    3. Non-publicity and Proliferation
    4. United Nations Resolution
    5. Recommendations

REFERENCES

PAPERS


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